Even if the team will do the work, he will be responsible to coordinate the team. Moreover, RACI roles help ensure that communication between all roles is ongoing. When you consider that nearly half of all project spending is at risk of being wasted due to a lack of effective team-based communication, it becomes all that more important to prioritize. TeamGantt makes it easy to build a project plan your whole team can contribute to and collaborate on, with RACI assignments built right in. And because everything happens online, you can stay on top of deadlines and keep up with project progress in real time.

raci meanings

Once these roles are defined, assignments can be attributed to the roles and work can begin. The roles and responsibilities for the execution of a project can sometimes be confusing. When roles aren’t properly defined, it becomes difficult to hold individuals accountable for their actions. Therefore, it is important to know who is responsible for what and create a mechanism to hold people accountable to ensure the smooth and effective execution of projects and business processes. When using the RACI chart, a huge burden to ensure its proper design and execution rests on the shoulders of the project manager.


You can get started much quicker with our RACI matrix template and share it with the entire team. Keep track of the RACI roles for all project activities and easily see project phases and individual deliverables for each. Without this, it’s pretty easy for the right hand to be in the dark about what the left hand is doing. One steadfast method involves the use of something called a RACI chart. In this blog, we’ll cover what the RACI model is, why it’s important for a healthy project management environment, and how to implement it the right way. Now, responsible and accountable can be two different people (or departments), but they don’t have to be.

Plus, with Wrike’s 360-degree visibility, your project will be completely transparent, meaning external stakeholders can stay up to date. When it comes to project roles, there are various ways of labeling them depending on what the specific project requires. In light of the recent quiet quitting movement, a form of labor protest where employees “work their worth,” it’s important to make sure each individual has a manageable workload. If stress levels soar due to rising workloads, the risk of disengagement increases, which can lead to burnout.

Best Project Management Software for 2023

Each task and each column in the RACI Matrix must allow for a clear responsibility and decision. For the sake of efficiency and effectiveness, do not include things like team meetings in the matrix. Naturally, it’s important to be flexible as a team, but it’s important not to shift the responsibilities and roles around too much. Discuss raci meanings the filled-in RACI matrix with everyone of the project team, the sponsors, and all relevant stakeholders. For instance it is possible that the executive sponsor wants to be the one to meet the client to gain approval or discuss the requirements. It’s important to keep track of exactly who will be working on a certain task or project.

At this point clarifications are needed from the engineering team. The engineer who is not in any way connected to sales, provides information in order to complete the document (contributor). Using the “S” clearly shows that there are a group of unaccounted for project team members providing resources without responsibilities that are of critical impact to the project. If we take it a step further, we can show that the project involves the following Roles (individuals or positions involved), Project Manager, Tester, Analyst, Product Developer, and the Service Team. The tasks assigned to each Role are Planning and Analytics, Designing / Prototyping, Coding, Testing and Review, Deployment and finally Maintenance. RACI charts are a part of the overall project, but they’re not the only thing you need to plot out before you get started.

Step-by-step plan filling in the RACI Matrix

Although it’s an important tool, it is not sensible to spend many hours of scarce time on it. The role behaviour is what people actually do in fulfilling their work and responsibilities. A RACI Matrix template is easy to adjust, and it’s therefore tempting to use it again for standardisation. A RACI Matrix is not the same thing as a project plan, or even a Project Initiation Document (PID).

raci meanings

However, if a person is either responsible or accountable it cannot be also informed or consulted (it would make no sense). In fact, if a person is consulted it should have no other role, and the same is true if a person is informed (it would make no sense either). The Responsible RACI role indicates someone who is in charge of completing that activity. Simply put, he is the one doing the work – or better, the one responsible to do the work. If there is no person responsible for doing the work, the work will not get done because no one will do it. It is then clear that all activities must have one responsible person or department.

What should a RACI include? RACI model guidelines

The one team might excel at communication, the other is able to focus on their own tasks exceptionally well. Another team is small enough to take sufficient time to complete various tasks. In such cases, it’s not necessary to take an extra step with the RACI Matrix. The RACI Matrix has a fixed layout with a horizontal axis of roles and a vertical axis with tasks, activities, deliverables and responsibilities. The CARS model is different from the RACI chart in that it breaks everything down further, making it easier to differentiate and identify the nuance in various roles and responsibilities. The inclusion of the support category allows you to identify mentor-type roles or highlight small teams or individuals that will work closely together.

  • However, efficient individuals should not have to make up for the inefficiencies of others.
  • RACI charts give incredible clear instructions as to individual involvement with a project, which helps avoid duplicative or delayed work.
  • The accountable person will also be the last one to sign off on a project before it’s delivered.
  • You might work with a team who just happens to communicate really well and stays on top of their own work.

If you want to use a project management tool like Hive to create a RACI-like chart in-app, you can find some tips on how to do that in this article on our Action Matrix. RACI stands for Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed, which are the four different roles that people can be assigned in the chart. Each RACI chart breaks down individual tasks by assignee and function, to help teams better understand just how involved each person is with a specific task and what they’re responsible for.

Defining the RACI Codes: Understanding the Language

For example, small businesses might need to hold one person accountable for multiple tasks due to a lack of resources and the vast skill set of the individual. Balancing the Rs, As, and Cs can therefore become hard, especially when an organization is pressed for resources. Once you’ve got your project timeline and tasks in your project management tool, transferring them over to a simple RACI in Google Sheets or Excel is easy.

raci meanings

Also called a RACI matrix, RACI charts are a type of responsibility assignment matrices in project management. These simple spreadsheets or tables highlight the different states of responsibility a stakeholder has over a particular task or deliverable and denotes it with the letters R, A, C, or I. It’s typically implemented by color-coding each responsibility level and creating a simple table layout. This means the allocations of responsibilities characteristics to individuals and teams is generally decided after several discussions. Also, it helps to record previous allocation scenarios by hiding the previous sticky notes (they are created as PowerPoint Shapes and can be hidden through the Selection Pane). The RACI Template for PowerPoint with Sticky Notes & Blackboard allows you to generate a RACI Chart and at the same time add a creative aesthetic with Sticky notes on a Blackboard.

Identify Project Roles

When you see this, it’s important to identify the potential problem and reassign work appropriately. The purpose of RACI charts is to reduce confusion and balance the workload within a project by clarifying who is responsible for what. RACI chart project management improves efficiency because it ensures multiple people are not working on the same task. It also ensures there are not too many people making decisions – since this usually means the decisions don’t get made. Now, it is worth noting that there are many flavors of consulting and consulted role. Depending on the organization and project, the consulted role may have more or less power over the outcome of the project.